If all your items on the Production environment are found on TDS, you can deployed them to your lower environments.
But if they are not, you can backup the Production databases (core, master and web) and restore them onto the lower environments. This is the approach I am using on all my Staging environments to keep them up to date with Production because on TDS, we have only test contents, templates, layouts/renderings and system item.
Then when we deploy our TDS to staging we set it not to delete items so the items from production will stay on the Staging environment with new items being installed.
Note that when you restore an environment database onto another one, you need to clear from core, master and web the
Event queue table
Because they still have the other environments details which can cause issues like events are out of sync.